Recalling 19th century debates

The string of Marxist regimes in Eastern Europe were overthrown in the 1980s by a mass display of the popular will, and progressive forces in the former Soviet Union are calling for a loose federation of independent republics

The Nobel Prize of Literature -2015 to Alexievich made one recall the debate between Marx and Bakunin in the First International.  While Marx may have won the initial dispute within the International subsequent events have tended to prove the validity of Bakunin’s warnings about centralism, State socialism, and the dictatorship of the Proletariat. He had prophetic insight into the nature of Communist states which have all become to varying degrees centralized, bureaucratic and militaristic, ruled by a largely self-appointed and self-reproducing elite.

If you took the most ardent revolutionary, vested him in absolute power, within a year he would be worse than the Tsar himself. Mikhail Bakunin
If you took the most ardent revolutionary, vested him in absolute power, within a year he would be worse than the Tsar himself.
Mikhail Bakunin


“The true object of education, like that of every other moral process,

is the generation of happiness”

William Godwin, regarded as the Father of Anarchism

The anarchist approach has been more influential in education than in most other fields of life. It may be contested and deplored by authoritarians, with their own nostalgia for an idealized past, but it is difficult to conceive that young people will tolerate in the future the educational regime to which the grandparents of their rulers were subjected.


The Anarchist thinker Max Stirner told that Society is our State of Nature. But society is something which the individual should emancipate himself from to become truly himself. It is for this reason that Marx and Engels ironically dubbed “Saint Max” as “the Unique”

Stirner’s philosophy can be understood in the context of the Left-Hegelian critique of religion, opposing the idealism of Hegal, which saw history as the realization and unfurling of Spirit, the Left Hegelians argued that religion is a form of alienation in which the believer projects certain of his own desirable qualities onto a transcendent deity. Man is not created in God’s image, but God is created in man’s ideal image


Coming across many workers from former Iron Curtain countries, they spoke of the three different traditions- Communist, Christian Orthodox and Earth –Mystic traditions in the Slav Countries


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