Dialogue and Freedom-Nobel Peace 2015

President of the Tunisian employers union Wided Bouchamaoui, Secretary General of the Tunisian General Labour Union, Houcine Abassi, President of the Tunisian Human Rights League Abdessattar ben Moussa and the president of the National Bar Association, Mohamed Fadhel Mahmoud (L-R), arrive for a news conference in Tunis, in this September 21, 2013 file photo. Tunisia's National Dialogue Quartet won the Nobel Peace Prize on Friday for its contribution to building democracy after the Jasmine Revolution in 2011, the Nobel Committee announced on October 9, 2015. The National Dialogue Quartet is formed by four organizations of Tunisian civil society, the Tunisian General Labour Union, the Tunisian Confederation of Industry, Trade and Handicrafts, the Tunisian Human Rights League, and the Tunisian Order of Lawyers. REUTERS/Anis Mili/Files http://news.yahoo.com/photos/file-photo-tunisias-national-dialogue-quartet-leaders-news-photo-093309905.html
President of the Tunisian employers union Wided Bouchamaoui, Secretary General of the Tunisian General Labour Union, Houcine Abassi, President of the Tunisian Human Rights League Abdessattar ben Moussa and the president of the National Bar Association, Mohamed Fadhel Mahmoud (L-R), arrive for a news conference in Tunis, in this September 21, 2013 file photo. Tunisia’s National Dialogue Quartet won the Nobel Peace Prize on Friday for its contribution to building democracy after the Jasmine Revolution in 2011, the Nobel Committee announced on October 9, 2015. The National Dialogue Quartet is formed by four organizations of Tunisian civil society, the Tunisian General Labour Union, the Tunisian Confederation of Industry, Trade and Handicrafts, the Tunisian Human Rights League, and the Tunisian Order of Lawyers. REUTERS/Anis Mili/Files http://news.yahoo.com/photos/file-photo-tunisias-national-dialogue-quartet-leaders-news-photo-093309905.html

We are here to give hope to young people. If we believe in our country we can succeed.”

Ouided Bouchamaoui, President of the Tunisian Confederation of Industry, Trade and Handicrafts (UTICA).

Well, first it is an award to the civil society, which is important. Also for political conflicts and differences it is important. It is also an important sign to the neighbouring countries, like Libya, Syria and others. Dialogue is the only way to solve conflicts, however difficult they might be. I mean; problems can be solved by the mode of dialogue

Abdessattar Ben Moussa, President of The Tunisian Human Rights League.

* * *

The Nobel Peace Prize 2015 was awarded to National Dialogue Quartet “for its decisive contribution to the building of a pluralistic democracy in Tunisia in the wake of the Jasmine Revolution of 2011”.(1)

The National Dialogue Quartet has comprised four key organizations in Tunisian civil society: the Tunisian General Labour Union (UGTT, Union Générale Tunisienne du Travail), the Tunisian Confederation of Industry, Trade and Handicrafts (UTICA, Union Tunisienne de l’Industrie, du Commerce et de l’Artisanat), the Tunisian Human Rights League (LTDH, La Ligue Tunisienne pour la Défense des Droits de l’Homme), and the Tunisian Order of Lawyers (Ordre National des Avocats de Tunisie). These organizations represent different sectors and values in Tunisian society: working life and welfare, principles of the rule of law and human rights. On this basis, the Quartet exercised its role as a mediator and driving force to advance peaceful democratic development in Tunisia with great moral authority. The Nobel Peace Prize for 2015 is awarded to this Quartet, not to the four individual organizations as such.

The Quartet paved the way for a peaceful dialogue between the citizens, the political parties and the authorities and helped to find consensus-based solutions to a wide range of challenges across political and religious divides

DISCUSSION- MURRAY BOOKCHIN’S WARNINGS ABOUT UNFREEDOM

No one was able to forecast the sudden collapse of the Iron Curtain in 1989-90 or the Arab spring of 2011. In this context,  we look at the works of social thinker Murray Bookchin.

The social thinker Murray Bookchin had a strong sense of history and tradition and always took a long-term view of things. The libertarian and ecological struggles underway see a major shift in human consciousness. We may well be living in a period of new Enlightenment which closely resemables the revolutionary Enlightenment of the 18th century, except that it not only challenges the authority of established institutions and values, but the principle of authority itself.(2)

In his book- The Ecology of Freedom: The Emergence and Dissolution of Hierarchy

he wrote about different hierarchical relationships and sensibilities

Original Cover of 1982 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:The_Ecology_of_Freedom.jpg#/media/File:The_Ecology_of_Freedom.jpg
Original Cover of 1982 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:The_Ecology_of_Freedom.jpg#/media/File:The_Ecology_of_Freedom.jpg

“My use of the word hierarchy in the subtitle of this work is meant to be provocative. There is a strong theoretical need to contrast hierarchy with the more widespread use of the words class and State; careless use of these terms can produce a dangerous simplification of social reality. To use the words hierarchy, class, and State interchangeably, as many social theorists do, is insidious and obscurantist. This practice, in the name of a “classless” or “libertarian” society, could easily conceal the existence of hierarchical relationships and a hierarchical sensibility, both of which-even in the absence of economic exploitation or political coercion-would serve to perpetuate unfreedom.

http://www.amazon.com/The-Ecology-Freedom-Emergence-Dissolution/dp/1904859267

Words (defined from Oxford Dictionary)

Hierarchy-  A system in which members of an organization or society are ranked according to relative status or authority

Class– A system of ordering society whereby people are divided into sets based on perceived social or economic status

State- A nation or territory considerd as an organized political community under one government.

 

References

1 – “The Nobel Peace Prize 2015”. Nobelprize.org. Nobel Media AB 2014. Web. 12 Nov 2015. http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/2015/

2- Demanding the Impossible-Peter Marshall

3- http://www.amazon.com/The-Ecology-Freedom-Emergence-Dissolution/dp/1904859267

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