Garam Hava

Around our independence day-formation of the nations-India and Pakistan, we spent some time seeing some movies-which tell about our society and civilization. We had initially started with some movies related to the main protagonists of the Indian freedom struggle, -Gandhi-Patel-Bhagat Singh, and the movies showed the different aspects of the Indian freedom struggle. Then we widened our scope by including representations from popular literature which go into the many human aspects which are not conveyed in official histories.


This national Award winning movie, directed by M S Sathyu, with dialogues written by Kaifi Azmi, based on a short story by Ismat Chugtai, shows the struggles of a family of Muslims in United Provinces-Agra region- when they decide to stay back in India

garam hawa



Khushwant Singh’s famous novel- brought alive characters like the ruffian Juggat Singh, the communist idealist Iqbal Singh, the corrupt district Magistrate Hukum Chand who has pangs from his conscience.

train to pakistan


In 2013-Tripoli Reading Group- had discussed some works related to Indian independence

See blog-

Partition which came with independence is still a very emotive topic in the subcontinent. The summer of 1947 was unlike any other in Indian history, seeing the migration of around 15 million people and murdering of around 1 million. Nehru’s “Tryst with Destiny” speech does not address these aspects which were dealt with by writers
such as Khushwant Singh in “Train to Pakistan”, Bapsi Sidhwa in
“Ice-Candy Man” or Salman Rushdie -“Midnight’s children” in different

The village of Mano Majra in Khushwant Singh’s -Train to Pakistan
and the inner life and voice of the character -Juggat Singh -is unraveled in many layers through the narrative.

The narrative voice of the silenced subaltern acts as textual force



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